As a boy, I took the B63 bus on 5th Avenue with my mother, father, or both, to some downtown Brooklyn destination. Or, sometimes we just took rides, as I enjoyed riding the bus, looking out the window at all the signage and lampposts. During that time the Great Mercury Shift was happening as incandescent streetlights, often mounted on ornate castiron poles, were being changed out for soft greenish-white mercury lamps on new octagonal-shafted poles.
I then took the B63 to high school (I could have taken the R(R) train, but you can’t see anything out the window and couldn’t transfer to the B45 bus) and then college, so I was a regular B63 rider from age 6 all the way to age 22! (Sometimes, I’d use the B37 on 3rd Avenue, for different views.)
As the 5th Avenue bus neared Flatbush Avenue, I noticed something odd about the street layout. There was a changing of the guard from one street name to the other. At 5th Avenue, Warren Street, Baltic Street, Butler Street, Douglass Street, DeGraw Street and Sackett Street all changed their names and became Places: Prospect, Park, Sterling, St. Johns, Lincoln, and Berkeley. That in itself is odd, as in NYC, the “Place” street designation usually refers to streets that go one or two blocks only. However, these “Places” go on and on, dozens of blocks east to the Bedford-Stuyvesant-Brownsville border at East New York Avenue. There’s an exception, which I’ll get into.
If you look at an 1855 map of what had been the City of Brooklyn at the time, you see, though, that the Butler, Baltic, Douglas(s), Degraw, and Sackett names did indeed extend all the way east into Bedford-Stuyvesant. Only later did they became Places.
What happened? Murder happened.
On March 20, 1873, Lizzie Lloyd King, a.k.a. Kate Stoddard, shot dead her boyfriend, Charles Goodrich, who wished to break off the relationship, at 731 Degraw, just west of 5th Avenue (the address has been renumbered since) . She fled with several of Goodrich’s possessions before returning the next day to clean and dress the corpse before going to her job at a hat factory. Just another day in Park Slope. After a three-month investigation, aided by Stoddard’s friend Mary Handley, the murderer was apprehended and sentenced to the State Lunatic Asylum in Auburn, NY; the building still stands. A 2013 play by Claudia Barnett examined the murder in the context of the works of Emily Dickinson.
Real estate values in the area dropped as a result of the murder. As a result, the decision was made to change Degraw Street’s name, and the other parallel streets in the area followed suit between 1874 and 1881. Warren and Baltic became “Prospect” and “Park,” a bit clever, for nearby Prospect Park; Butler, “Sterling Place’ for William Alexander, Lord Stirling, who led the patriots in the Revolutionary battle at the Old Stone House; Douglass (the name isn’t connected with abolitionist and orator Frederick Douglass) became St. John’s Place, for St. John’s Episcopal Church, built in 1870 on Douglass in 1870; Degraw became Lincoln Place, for Abraham Lincoln; and Sackett became Berkeley Place, for Irish philosopher and Anglican minster George Berkeley (1685-1753), for whom Berkeley, CA is also named.
Meanwhile, Wyckoff Street becomes St. Marks Place at 3rd Avenue and then, St. Mark’s Avenue at 5th Avenue. The name puzzles me, since the nearest St, Mark’s Church is the Episcopal church at Brooklyn Avenue and Union Street in Crown Heights.
In the 1870s, Sackett Street was eliminated east of Grand Army Plaza so that Eastern Parkway could be constructed.
Only the Sacket-Berkeley and Degraw-Lincoln combinations are truly continuous. The other streets require a slight jog on 5th Avenue, as here at Douglass and 5th, with St. John’s Place continuing beyond. There is no Butler-Sterling continuation, as a supermarket was constructed in Butler street’s roadbed in the 1980s.
Douglass Street is the wild card in the pack. Take a look at this 1922 Hagstrom map excerpt. In it I have circled Union Street and Douglass Street in red. At East New York Avenue, each street took a strange abrupt right turn, heading south into Brownsville. This “goes against the grain” of how streets are generally laid out in New York City.
It also split Douglass Street into two separate sections, miles apart, when the portion of Douglass between 5th and East New York Avenue was renamed St. John’s Place. However, in the 1920s, the orphaned section of Douglass was renamed for former Congressman, businessman and philanthropist Isidor Strauss, who co owned both Macy’s and Abraham and Strauss (A&S) department stores, who went down with the Titanic with his wife Ida on 4/15/1912. The weird southern jog of Union Street is still there.