PIER 23 FRIEZE, Tribeca

by Kevin Walsh

On a morning when it dropped to 11 degrees Fahrenheit, it’s appropriate to talk about a frieze.

This aggressively Machine-age frieze is attached to a pedestrian overpass in Independence Plaza over Harrison Street just west of Greenwich, adjacent to a group of early-19th Century dwellings that were moved here when the area was redeveloped in the wake of the original World Trade Center and the Independence Plaza housing project in the early-to mid 1970s.

This frieze was originally built for the West Side Highway, which was built in stages from 1930-1950 and demolished in stages from 1973-1989. It was the idea, along with the West Side Freight Elevated (now High Line Park) of Manhattan Borough President Julius Miller; the highway was officially known as the Miller Highway, asn thus appeared on maps with that name. New Yorkers resolutely called it the West Side Highway. There’s a wing motif shared with a turning gear motif — in the Depression years, the government set up the Works Progress Administration to provide employment ┬áby designing and building public works: highways, buildings, hospitals. Much of the West Side Highway was built in this period.

The cross street is notated at the bottom of the frieze, as well as the pier that the street accessed. Until the 1960s, Manhattan’s west side featured a bustling waterfront as ships bearing imported goods were loaded and unloaded on the piers facing West Street. Ocean liners also berthed on the west side; today, there is a remnant of that with various excursion lines and ferries. Today, though, most of the west side waterfront is parkland.

If you look at the top of the frieze, it contains some of the design of the roadway’s railings. The design was shared with the West Side Freight Elevated and many of those railings are preserved in High Line Park.

When the West Side Highway was torn down, preservationist Dan McCarthy, who helped save the Harrison Street dwellings, purchased the frieze and had it affixed to the plaza overpass. There may be other such friezes in private collections. The West Side Highway also featured plaques depicting the seal of the State City of New York, and some of those may also survive privately.

I have more on the West Side Highway here.




Bruce Einsohn January 6, 2016 - 9:14 am

The plaques (actually large circular medallions) depicted the various stages of the seal of the CITY of New York from different historical periods.
If I remember correctly, there were five varieties, and for years after the demolition the city offered them for sale to the public.

Kevin Walsh January 6, 2016 - 9:39 am


jerry January 6, 2016 - 1:28 pm

Yes – one of my most interesting possessions is one of the cast iron seals from the elevated highway. I purchased it in the early 1980’s when the City was selling them. I think it was $200, and it is about a 75 pound hunk of metal, about 2′ in diameter. It came complete with a booklet describing the various City seals and their evolution. I have moved this thing from residence to residence in the intervening 30+ years, and have never quite figured out what to do with it, other than storing in my garage(s). Suggestions have included topping it with glass and welding legs to it for a coffee table; insetting it into a walkway or driveway, etc. Just haven’t gotten around to dealing with it. But it’s a real conversation piece for sure!!

Kiwiwriter January 8, 2016 - 2:03 pm

How were you able to purchase it?

jerry January 11, 2016 - 12:48 pm

There was an official sale by the City back at the time. (early 80’s). They had been nicely cleaned up by the City beforehand. I remember going down I think to the Municipal Building and then lugging it back up to my brothers 4th floor walkup in the West Village! Didn’t realize they had appreciated in value so much since then!

jerry January 11, 2016 - 12:50 pm

In fact here is a link to the 1985 NY Times article! (I guess it was $250, not $200, and 60 pounds not 75…I guess by the time we reached the 4th floor of the it felt more like 75 at least!!)


ron s January 9, 2016 - 1:33 am

Several have sold on ebay recently-unfortunately in the 1000+ price range. One is listed at 6500 buy it now (I don’t think they will sell it anywhere close to that….) but the days of getting them for 300-400 dollars are gone.


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